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Stallion Regulations

Exposure of Mares to Stallions

a.  Mares shall be exposed to stallions in such a manner as to reach the breeding aim and to ensure the accuracy of parentage of the resulting progeny.
b.   All stallions used in ApHCC breeding programs must have DNA or blood type report on file with the ApHCC before their offspring may enter into the ApHCC Register of Appaloosa Horses.
c.   45 Day Requirement: Once a mare has been exposed or bred to one stallion, at least forty-five (45) days must elapse before the mare can be rebred to a different stallion.  If a mare is exposed to more than one stallion in less than 45 days, the resulting foal must have parentage verification applied for, at the time of application for registration of pedigree.  The owner will be responsible for all costs involved.  Once parentage is verified and all application requirements met, in accordance with the terms and  conditions herein, the foal's certificate will be issued.
d.   Pasture Breeding: Pasture breeding is acceptable if only one stallion will run with a mare or group of mares.  It is the owner's responsibility to ensure that these horses are enclosed by fences maintained in such a manner to prevent any other stallion from breeding a mare in that area.


Artificial Insemination, Stored Semen, and Transported Semen

a. Artificial Insemination
i.   The owner of a mare, when bred by the use of transported semen (cooled or frozen) or frozen semen, shall have the mare identified by the attending Veterinary Doctor or licensed technician.
ii.   When transported semen (cooled or frozen) or frozen semen is used to inseminate a mare, the mare must be bloodtyped or DNA tested.  An application to blood type or DNA must accompany the application for pedigree registration of the resulting foal.
iii.    All foals resulting from transported (cooled or frozen semen) or frozen semen must be parentage verified.
iv.   The ApHCC has the authority to inspect the premises and practices of any person or breeding establishment using artificial insemination.
v.    An artificial insemination technician or Veterinarian must be used for transported semen and/or insemination of mares not owned by the stallion owner.
vi.    Artificial insemination of fresh or frozen semen on the premises of the owner of the mare and stallion is permitted. Mare  and stallion must be registered to the same owner and housed on the same property.
vii.    There is no limit placed on the number of breedings via artificial insemination be it fresh semen, transported semen (cooled or frozen) or frozen semen.

b.  Frozen Semen
i.    Frozen semen and stallion are considered separate entities.
ii.    Frozen semen is considered the property of the registered stallion owner at the time of collection unless otherwise indicated on the application form.
iii.   If a stallion is sold, semen that has been collected and frozen must be indicated on the transfer form (must include number of vials) in order for resulting foals to be registered.
iv.  The person owning the frozen semen must obtain "FROZEN SEMEN CERTIFICATES" from the ApHCC (one (1) per foal to be registered).  This must accompany the frozen semen and be attached to registration applications for any resulting foals.
v.    In the event of the death of the stallion, the ApHCC will allow the registration of foals resulting from artificial insemination by frozen semen on record, provided that all ApHCC terms and conditions have been fulfilled.  No application for freezing of semen will be accepted after the death of a stallion.

Embryo Transfer
a.   Embryo transfer, transport of embryos or freezing of embryos is permitted only upon application and permission of the ApHCC prior to the procedure being performed.
b.   A written report of the blood and/or DNA type of the donor mare obtained from an approved laboratory must be on file with the ApHCC prior to breeding.
c.   An application to blood and/or DNA type must accompany the application for registration of the resulting foal.
d.  All foals resulting from embryo transfer must be parentage verified.
e.   A Veterinary Doctor must be used for the collection and transfer procedure.
f.  If an embryo transfer procedure applied for is not attempted in the designated year, the ApHCC must be notified in writing by December 1 of the designated year.  Without such notification, any foal produced by the mare named in the application will require blood typing or DNA testing, to be eligible for registration.
g.  There is no limit placed on the number of foal registrations as a result of ApHCC approved embryo transfers from a mare.
h.  In the event of sale or death of the mare, similar rules as for frozen semen will apply to frozen embryos.

Stallion Reports and Breeder/Service Certificates

a. The owner(s) of any stallion used in an Appaloosa breeding program must file, with the ApHCC, a yearly "Stallion Breeding Report" prior to November 30 of each year.  The report shall include a list including complete registration numbers of all mares exposed to the stallion, the dates of service, and the type of service (pasture bred, hand bred, artificial insemination, transported semen).  Stallion Reports received by ApHCC office after December first in the year of service will be subject to a late filing fee.

b. The stallion owner at the time of service or his authorized representative must sign  the stallion report.  Signatures of representatives or other than the owner of a horse will only be acceptable when a "Signing Authority Form" has been completed and filed with the ApHCC.

c. The owner of any stallion used in an Appaloosa breeding program shall at the time of service, deliver to the mare owner a Breeder/Service Certificate (in the form prescribed by the ApHCC) unless a contract in writing is in existence between the mare owner and stallion owner whereby the mare owner is to receive a Breeder/Service Certificate when the terms of the contract are fulfilled
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