Breeders of Appaloosa horses in Canada produce quality
stock that has been sold around the world. The following links may
assist you in obtaining the necessary information regarding the
exporting of horses from Canada and importing your horse to Canada.
Equine Canada Breeds and Industry
Canadian Animal Health
Canadian Export Regulations
Canadian Import Regulations
Ontario: Appy Valley Acres
NEW REGULATIONS U.S. IMPORT OF HORSES (CDN. TO US EXPORTS)
NEW E-FILING REQUIREMENTS -- "PAPS" (PRE-ARRIVAL PROCESSING SYSTEM)
All owners, trainers, competitors and riders intending to take horses
to the United States should be aware that there are now two sets of
revised U.S. import requirements that may impact the ease with which
horses cross the border from Canada to the United States. New
regulations are now in effect, implementing the US Trade Act of 2002,
and the Public Health Security and Bio-terrorism Preparedness and
Response Act of 2002. These regulations require pre-filing of customs
documents in advance of border crossing at a U.S. port-of-entry.
1) FDA REQUIREMENTS: FOOD & ANIMAL FEED
Under regulations of the Public Health Security & Bio-terrorism
Preparedness & Response Act, the FDA (Food & Drug
Administration) requires prior notification to the FDA of food,
including animal feed that is imported or offered for import into the
United States. The regulations require that prior notice be submitted
to FDA electronically no more than 5 days and no less than 2 hours
before the food/animal feed arrives at the port of arrival. The
required electronic filing would be handled by a Customs Broker on
behalf of Canadians exporting food or animal feed.
Equine Canada requested clarification of the regulations for forage,
horse feed and nutritional products entering the U.S. EQUINE CANADA has
been advised by International Trade Canada, confirmed by
representatives from the Canadian Food Inspection Agency, that the
import of food and animal feed products for personal consumption do not
require this pre-filing at this time.
However, we were also advised that any feed (including supplements)
entering the United States, SHOULD TRAVEL WITH THE HORSES to avoid
potential disputes at port-of entry. It was suggested that if the feed
in question was travelling in separate vehicles, arriving at customs at
different times, it may give rise to questions about the use of the
feed in the U.S.
Individuals or companies permanently exporting horse feed &
nutritional products to the U.S. should check with their customs
broker, or the Canadian Food Inspection Agency on their
responsibilities under these new regulations.
2) PAPS: PRE-ARRIVAL PROCESSING SYSTEM
U.S. Customs Pre-Arrival Processing System regulations are now fully
active at all U.S. ports-of-entry for "commercial shipments" into the
United States. These new regulations require the electronic pre-filing
of all customs entry documents in advance of arriving at a U.S. Customs
centre. Shipments into the U.S. must be handled by a shipper/carrier
with a SCAC (Standard Carrier Alpha Code). This pre-assigned
carrier-code number must be issued in advance of border crossing, and
customs documents must have bar-coded stickers that include the
The Pre-Arrival Processing System was rolled out in three phases at
Canada-U.S. border crossings, during November/04 through January/05 and
is now in full implementation. In general media discussions on enhanced
border security issues for the United States, the regulations are
popularly referred to as the "24-Hour-Rule" … provisions of
U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) advance cargo information
requirements of the U.S. Trade Act of 2002.
Equine Canada sought clarification as to whether horses crossing the
border into the U.S. would be considered "commercial shipments", and
therefore be required to comply with the PAPS pre-arrival filing
process. Enquiries to the Canadian Food Inspection Agency,
International Trade Canada (Ottawa), and Foreign Affairs Canada
(Washington Embassy), provided the following information, as at Friday,
February 4, 2005:
"For horses entering the United States for exhibition or other
temporary purposes, entering the U.S. on a Temporary Importation Bond
(the "30-day-import" requirements), there has been no change of policy.
Such temporary importation of horses would not require filing of PAPS
(or BRASS) pre-arrival notifications."
This does not eliminate any existing requirements for temporary import
for horses into the U.S. You will still be required to provide all
veterinarian health certificates, manifests, etc. that are currently
required for temporary entry of horses.
As is often the case with new regulations, there may be some confusion
in the short term with horses crossing at different U.S.
ports-of-entry. On Equine Canada’s behalf, Canadian Embassy
officials in Washington have requested that written clarification of
the guidelines for horses should be distributed to all U.S. Customs
offices. Equine Canada will post and distribute this clarification as
soon as it is available.
It is expected that horses entering the U.S. as permanent exports
(including horses sold to U.S. customers), would be required to
complete the Pre-Arrival Processing System requirements. Those
responsible for shipping horses for permanent export to the United
States, would be required to have a SCAC (Standard Carrier Alpha Code),
to acquire bar-coded stickers to place on all customs documents, and
would need to use the services of a broker to file documents prior to
arrival at the border.
Failure to comply with PAPS pre-arrival filing requirements in advance
of border crossing, could trigger fines of up to $5,000.
For information on how to
get a SCAC and bar-code stickers, contact the
National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA)
703-838-1868 or www.NMFTA.org
3) WHAT SHOULD YOU DO TODAY?
As if often the case when new regulations are implemented, there may be
some confusion about the requirements for horses crossing the border.
Additional information on U.S. Customs requirements, can be found on
the U.S. Customs & Border Protection site
OPTIONS TO CONSIDER:
Commercial carriers – The Canadian commercial horse
transportation companies that were contacted by Equine Canada
representatives all reported that they have completed the required
paperwork for SCAC and bar-coded documents. You may want to consider
using commercial carriers to move horses to the U.S.
For horses travelling to U.S. on temporary export permits –
ahead to the Customs Office at your intended port of crossing. Contact
information for US Customs Offices are available on the U.S. Customs
& Border Protection site
Apply for SCAC number – If you regularly cross the border
horses, either for temporary entry with your own horses or other horses
in your care, you should consider applying for a Standard Carrier Alpha
Code for yourself or your stable. This is a one-time set-up process to
have a number assigned to yourself as a shipper/carrier, but would
require that you work with a U.S. customs broker to process the
required documents for shipments to the U.S.
Keep checking the Equine Canada website – Equine Canada will
continue to post updates on the status of border crossing regulations
as they become available. Keep checking the EC website